A Catholic Blog for Lovers
Saturday, January 11, 2003
Today in Church history
January 12, 1167: Aelred, the Anglo-Saxon abbot of the Cistercian monastery of Riveaulx and author of several important books, dies.
January 12, 1588: John Winthrop, a lawyer who became the first governor of the Puritans in Massachusetts, is born in Suffolk, England.
Last Day before end of the Liturgical Christmas Season
Et Verbum caro factum est et habitavit in nobis!
And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us!
And we have seen his glory, full of grace and truth; and of his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace.
Glory to God in the highest! Gloria in excelsis Deo!
Today in Church history
January 11, 1759: The first American life insurance company is incorporated in Philadelphia - the "Corporation of Poor and Distressed Presbyterian Ministers and of the Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers."
January 11, 1875: The "Scandal of the Century" goes public as journalist Theodore Tilton sues prominent liberal pastor Henry Ward Beecher for alienating his wife's affections (i.e. having an affair with her). The trial, which became a national sensation, finally ended with a hung jury.
Friday, January 10, 2003
Welcome to St Blog's!
Caritate Dei - Robert Diaz
The Petra Pundit - onerock.com staff
DPI News and Commentary - The Curmudgeon
Not for Sheep - Catherine
Caritas Unitas et Veritas - Dave Pawlak, Jeff Culbreath, Mark Cameron, David Alexander.
The 7 Habitus - Ronald
THE THREE KINGS
By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Three Kings came riding from far away,
Melchior and Gaspar and Baltasar;
Three Wise Men out of the East were they,
And they travelled by night and they slept by day,
For their guide was a beautiful, wonderful star.
The star was so beautiful, large and clear,
That all the other stars of the sky
Became a white mist in the atmosphere,
And by this they knew that the coming was near
Of the Prince foretold in the prophecy.
Three caskets they bore on their saddle-bows,
Three caskets of gold with golden keys;
Their robes were of crimson silk with rows
Of bells and pomegranates and furbelows,
Their turbans like blossoming almond-trees.
And so the Three Kings rode into the West,
Through the dusk of the night, over hill and dell,
And sometimes they nodded with beard on breast,
And sometimes talked, as they paused to rest,
With the people they met at some wayside well.
"Of the child that is born," said Baltasar,
"Good people, I pray you, tell us the news;
For we in the East have seen his star,
And have ridden fast, and have ridden far,
To find and worship the King of the Jews."
And the people answered, "You ask in vain;
We know of no King but Herod the Great!"
They thought the Wise Men were men insane,
As they spurred their horses across the plain,
Like riders in haste, who cannot wait.
And when they came to Jerusalem,
Herod the Great, who had heard this thing,
Sent for the Wise Men and questioned them;
And said, "Go down unto Bethlehem,
And bring me tidings of this new king."
So they rode away; and the star stood still,
The only one in the grey of morn;
Yes, it stopped - it stood still of its own free will,
Right over Bethlehem on the hill,
The city of David, where Christ was born.
And the Three Kings rode through the gate and the guard,
Through the silent street, till their horses turned
And neighed as they entered the great inn-yard;
But the windows were closed, and the doors were barred,
And only a light in the stable burned.
And cradled there in the scented hay,
In the air made sweet by the breath of kine,
The little child in the manger lay,
The child, that would be king one day
Of a kingdom not human, but divine.
His mother Mary of Nazareth
Sat watching beside his place of rest,
Watching the even flow of his breath,
For the joy of life and the terror of death
Were mingled together in her breast.
They laid their offerings at his feet:
The gold was their tribute to a King,
The frankincense, with its odor sweet,
Was for the Priest, the Paraclete,
The myrrh for the body's burying.
And the mother wondered and bowed her head,
And sat as still as a statue of stone;
Her heart was troubled yet comforted,
Remembering what the Angel had said
Of an endless reign and of David's throne.
Then the Kings rode out of the city gate,
With a clatter of hoofs in proud array;
But they went not back to Herod the Great,
For they knew his malice and feared his hate,
And returned to their homes by another way.
Today in Church history
January 10, 236: Fabian is elected pope. He served until 250, when he became the first martyr under Decius, the emperor who initiated Empire wide persecution of Christians. After Fabian's death, Decius is reported to have said, "I would far rather receive news of a rival to the throne than of another bishop of Rome".
January 10, 1645: The controversial archbishop of Canterbury and leader of the Church of England, William Laud, is beheaded. An enemy and persecutor of the Puritans and a staunch defender of the "divine right of kings", he found himself on the wrong side of history when the Puritan revolution began in the 1640s.
January 10, 1739: George Whitefield, the preacher who sparked America's first Great Awakening, is ordained to the Anglican ministry. Whitefield took to open-air preaching after jealous ministers denied him the use of their pulpits, and he was perfectly suited to it - his booming voice, it was reported, could be heard a mile away.
Thursday, January 09, 2003
I just posted on my website a page devoted to a poignant and powerful witness to the Love of Christ: Jacques Fesch, who as a young man murdered a police officer, was imprisoned, and guillotined in 1957 at the age of 27. During his imprisonment Jacques had a deep and lasting spiritual awakening (not the usual "jailhouse religion" jag!), and nurtured an intense relationship with the Lord which passed, it seems, into a mystical way.
Years ago I had a copy of some of his letters "Light Upon the Scaffold" but sadly lost this book over the years. But rediscovering him his witness means even more to me now. I am delighted to see another book available which seems even more extensive than the book I once had. (I am ordering it today!). Jacques can be a wonderful living reminder of the reach of God's Mercy and of the promise: "with Him there is plentiful redemption" "copiosa apud eum redemptio" (Psalm 130:7, motto of the Redemptorists).
I am delighted, too, to discover that Cardinal Lustiger, Archbishop of Paris, has begun the process for opening his cause for beatification.
I hope some will take the time and read the rather long article on my website, and perhaps some might be interested in ordering this book as well:
There fared a mother driven forth
Out of an inn to roam;
In the place where she was homeless
All men are at home.
The crazy stable close at hand,
With shaking timber and shifting sand,
Grew a stronger thing to abide and stand
Than the square stones of Rome.
For men are homesick in their homes,
And strangers under the sun,
And they lay their heads in a foreign land
Whenever the day is done.
Here we have battle and blazing eyes,
And chance and honour and high surprise,
But our homes are under miraculous skies
Where the yule tale was begun.
A child in a foul stable,
Where the beasts feed and foam;
Only where He was homeless
Are you and I at home;
We have hands that fashion and heads that know,
But our hearts we lost - how long ago!
In a place no chart nor ship can show
Under the sky's dome.
This world is wild as an old wife's tale,
And strange the plain things are,
The earth is enough and the air is enough
For our wonder and our war;
But our rest is as far as the fire-drake swings
And our peace is put in impossible things
Where clashed and thundered unthinkable wings
Round an incredible star.
To an open house in the evening
Home shall all men come,
To an older place than Eden
And a taller town than Rome.
To the end of the way of the wandering star,
To the things that cannot be and that are,
To the place where God was homeless
And all men are at home
- Gilbert Keith Chesterton
I hope that you are finding yourself more and more "at home" as the Christmas Season comes to its fulfillment in the Feast of the LORD's Baptism this coming Sunday.
Fiesta of the Black Nazarene in Manila
Tens of thousands of male devotees struggle to get closer to the image of the Black Nazarene as it is brought out of a Roman Catholic church at Manila's Quiapo district for a procession to celebrate its feast day Thursday January 9, 2003. The annual procession, mostly by barefoot males, is now a tourist attraction.
Today in Church history
January 9, 1569: Philip of Moscow, primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, is murdered by Czar Ivan IV, also called Ivan the Terrible.
Wednesday, January 08, 2003
Update on (Father) Thomas Bauernfiend's Funeral
A priest just stopped by to visit and to give me Confession and Communion as well, and he had been at (Father) Bauernfiend's funeral (whose last months were a living hell). He was a classmate of (Father) Bauernfiend, who was buried as a priest, and the main celebrant of the Funeral was Cardinal Keeler. Of course, there was no mention at all of what the realities were regarding (Father) and the infamous List of Cardinal Keeler. It was as if it never happened. (So much for the "transparency" Cardinal Keeler invoked in his publishing his List on the internet and in The Baltimore Sun).
I had been informed of this, too, by a lay person who attended the Funeral, who added that the Cardinal said of (Father) Bauernfiend: "If there ever was anyone ready to enter heaven upon death, it was Father Tom".... and no mention of the living hell the Cardinal put this priest through in his last sickly months. Not a ruffled hair on this Cardinal's head!
About 40 priests concelebrated the Funeral Mass. May Thomas Bauernfiend find the Infinite Mercy of the LORD, and rest in peace.
Grass Roots Ecumenism
By:Ann E. Compton
January 08, 2003
...Michael, however, was Catholic. Nevertheless, he became a faithful attendant at North Congregational.
But the weekend after completing his apprenticeship, he undertook the 12-mile walk to the Catholic church in Waterbury to the shock of many local residents, who had no idea that Michael was not Protestant.
Michael had become a popular figure in Woodbury, and people felt sorry for him as he made the round trip hike to Waterbury to worship.
As a temporary measure, he was allowed to invite a priest to say Mass in his home.
But then something remarkable occurred. The blacksmith with whom he served his apprenticeship decided to help build a Catholic church in Woodbury.
More than half the money raised to build what is now St. Teresa of Avila Roman Catholic Church came from the Protestant churches in Woodbury and Catholics beyond town borders.
History relates that some of the contributions were "as much as $5" - a veritable fortune a century ago.
So when St. Teresa's initiated its 100th Anniversary Celebration on December 1, Fr. Robert Kwiatkowski, the pastor, challenged his parishioners to do the same - help another congregation build its church.
Christ the Savior Orthodox Church was planning to build a permanent place of worship on the Woodbury-Southbury line at Roxbury and Transylvania Roads.
The land for the church was donated in late 2000 and plans for the building drawn up.
But Christ the Savior had its own challenge to meet. A donor promised to match contributions up to $150,000 by the end of 2002.
So St. Teresa's had a scant month to collect free-will donations to qualify for the matching grant.
"We were helped greatly by the people of a different faith 100 years ago," exhorted Fr. Bob. "Let's pass it on and be a part of what Michael Skelly began."
His optimistic goal was to raise $5,000, knowing that it would be matched and so garner $10,000 for the new building.
The people of St. Teresa's enthusiastically responded.
In the first week, a $1,000 donation was received. Another donor promised to add $1,000 if St. Teresa's collected $9,000.
By Christmas, the total had almost reached $9,000. By year-end, the $9,000 challenge had been met and, last week, Fr. Bob proudly presented a check to Fr. Vladimir Aleandro of Christ the Savior Orthodox Church for $13,000 - to be doubled by the matching contributor.
In addition, word had reached other members of the local religious community. Christ the Savior had received a donation in honor of St. Teresa's from B'nai Israel as well.
"I appreciate what a permanent home means to Fr. Vladimir and the members of his congregation," said Rabbi Eric Polokoff of B'nai Israel.
"We are blessed with wonderful leadership and interfaith understanding and both Fr. Vladimir and Fr. Bob are very much a part of that. It seemed to me that the welcoming nature and community spirit of Fr. Bob and St. Teresa's was worthy of recognition.
"What a wonderful way this is for St. Teresa's to observe its own anniversary by reaching out to another religious institution."
Fr. Vladimir was thrilled, not just by the money, but especially by the spirit in which it was given.
"What you have done crosses boundaries," he told Fr. Bob. "This has created a new brotherhood."
Since October, Christ the Savior has raised nearly the full $150,000 in funds to be matched, including St. Teresa's donation.
Since the Building Campaign began, Fr. Vladimir reported that his congregation of 56 adults has brought the total to date to $500,000 in contributions, church savings and matching gifts - halfway to the goal of $1 million.
The fund will reach $650,000 with the addition of the latest matching gift.
Fr. Vladimir's goal for the new church is to provide a house of worship "that is traditional and Orthodox but without any particular ethnic character so that anyone can enter and identify with it."
Hiding Christmas in the desert kingdom
Expatriate workers in Saudi Arabia celebrate the holidays behind closed doors and buy greetings cards under the table
RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA
PAST the stuffed animals and congratulatory baby baskets, sprigs of plastic evergreens are tucked in among the silk flowers. The rows of ribbon include a few spools of festive reds, golds and greens, and two half-empty boxes of blown-glass Christmas tree ornaments that partly obscured on a nearby shelf.
As evinced by the atmosphere in this Riyadh gift shop, Christmas is mostly hidden in this desert kingdom where Islam is the only accepted religion. Expatriate workers hold holiday parties within walled compounds, out of the sight of the government's religious police who guard against offences to the faith. For many other foreigners, the anniversary of Christ's birth is a private day of reflection.
"I only pray in my room," says a Roman Catholic labourer from Sri Lanka, noting that there is little else to do to celebrate Christmas. Some embassies, he said, organise gatherings for their citizens during the holiday season, but generally not on Christmas Day to avoid offending Saudi sensibilities.
Saudi Arabia, as the birthplace of Islam, is charged with protecting the faith's holiest shrines at Mecca and Medina, and differing beliefs, like new ideas, are carefully guarded against as a threat to the culture, traditions and official religion. Churches aren't permitted - "freedom of religion does not exist," a recent US State Department report said about Saudi Arabia - though some expatriates gather privately throughout the year for religious services....
Greetings card underworld
But in Riyadh, the mere mention of Christmas leads many expatriates to lower their voices and fidget, fearful of unwanted attention or risking their jobs. Just buying a Christmas card requires a whispered journey into a greeting card underworld.
At the Riyadh gift shop where a few festive decorations were tucked in among many other goods, a Filipino employee shakes his head no when asked about Christmas cards. But he gives directions to another shop, advising an inquirer to look for the Filipino manager.
"He'll give you one in secret... secret because it's 'haram' here, you know," he says, using the Arabic for "forbidden", a word known to anyone who's run afoul of the conservative Islamic social norms enforced by the kingdom's ever-vigilant religious police.
At another card shop, an Indian employee reaches beneath the counter to pull out a half-dozen religious and secular Christmas cards, his eyes darting around his empty shop and out the window. There would be trouble if caught: "They ask where you got them," he says, recalling that religious police had confiscated cards in the past.
Clearly relieved once he's able to tuck the purchases into a paper bag and staple it shut, he points to a less offensive "Seasons Greetings" card, discreetly visible beside the cash register. At five riyals (about 1.30 euros), they're half the price of the Christmas cards, and half the risk. (AP) - ATHENS NEWS
Walking Bewildered in the Light
The world grows terrible and white,
And blinding white the breaking day;
We walk bewildered in the light,
For something is too large for sight,
And something much too plain to say.
The Child that was ere worlds begun
( . . . We need but walk a little way,
We need but see a latch undone . . .)
The Child that played with moon and sun
Is playing with a little hay.
- Gilbert Keith Chesterton, from "The Wise Men" in "A Motley Wisdom."
Today in Church history
January 8, 1438: In an attempt to forge an alliance that would save Constantinople from the Turks, the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches meet at the Council of Ferrara-Florence. A temporary union was reached, but Constantinople fell anyway in 1453, ending the Byzantine Empire.
January 8, 1642: Mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and devout Roman Catholic Galileo Galilei dies in Arcetri, Italy, under house arrest by the Inquisition.
January 8, 1956: Missionaries Jim Elliot, Nate Saint, Roger Youderian, Ed McCully, and Pete Fleming are killed by Ecuadorean Indians they sought to evangelize. The story of the missionaries and their deaths along the Curaray River was publicized by Elliot's widow, Elizabeth, in Through Gates of Splendor, published the following year.
Tuesday, January 07, 2003
O ADMIRABLE COMMERCIUM!
The Glad Tidings of Christmas
O admirabile commercium! Creator generis humani, animatum corpus sumens, de virgine nasci dignatus est; et procedens homo sine semine, largitus est nobis suam Deitatem.
O admirable exchange, the Creator of the human race, taking upon Himself a body and a soul, has vouchsafed to be born of a Virgin, and, appearing here below as man, has made us partakers of His Divinity.
- Antiphon of the Octave of Christmas
Posting prayers like this makes me glad indeed that there are still places where the classic Latin Liturgy is celebrated in all its fullness by living communities, and that there are monastic centers like the newly founded monastery in Oklahoma which celebrates the liturgy in the old Roman Rite. Yes, I miss much of the traditional Roman Liturgy! And pray for the reappropriation of much that was (at least temporarily) lost in the reformed Liturgy. And I pray, too, for a revision of the English translation in place now for some decades. I hope to write a bit more about this soon.
Pray for the new Bishops
Twelve newly ordained bishops from nine countries, South Korea, Vietnam, Italy, Spain, Benin, Slovakia, Iraq, Ukraine and Ireland lie on the ground in front of Pope John Paul II, who ordained them, in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican, Monday, Jan, 6, 2003, the Feast of Epiphany.
From left, newly ordained bishops Celestino Migliore of Italy, Pedro Lopez Quintana of Spain, Calogero La Piana of Italy, Jan Babjak of Slovakia, Milan Sasik of Ukraine and Brian Farrell of Ireland attend the ceremony during which Pope John Paul II ordained them, in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican on Epiphany, Monday, Jan, 6, 2003. The Pope ordained a total of 12 bishops from 9 different countries.
Christmas Season Continues until The Baptism of the Lord
O manifest infirmity, O wondrous humility, in which all the greatness of God lay hid! The mother to whom His infancy was subject, He ruled with His power; and to her at whose breasts He nursed, He gave the nourishment of truth. May He Who did not shrink from taking a beginning even like ours, perfect in us His gifts; and may He also make us children of God, He who for our sakes wished to become a child of man.
- Saint Augustine
Today in Church history
January 7, 367: Early church father Athanasius, famous for his battles against the Arian heresy, writes a letter containing a list of what he thinks should be considered the canon of Scripture. Over time, his list would be accepted by the church.
January 7, 1536: Catherine of Aragon, whose divorce from Henry VIII was the catalyst for the English Reformation, dies.
January 7, 1844: Bernadette Soubirous, whose visions of Mary led to the establishment of the Shrine of Lourdes, is born.
Monday, January 06, 2003
Some (Icy) Dips to celebrate the Blessings of the Waters on Theophany
My heart breaks some - I just heard of the death of (Father) Thomas Bauernfiend, one of the priests on Cardinal Keeler's listing of Black Wednesday (Sept. 21, 2002). (Father) Bauernfiend had been pastor of Saint Alphonsus parish when I first worked on that website. His health was not good so finally he retired and was listed as "pastor emeritus." Then the long-prepared (behind closed doors) list of Cardinal Keeler, listing all the priests and religious either convicted of, admitted to, or accused of, sexual offenses involving minors (though some made the list without these qualifications!). Click on the name of Thomas Bauernfiend and his "offense" was an accusation given in the 80s about an alleged offense in the 70s. No conviction or admission of any wrongdoing.
No matter. (Father) Bauernfiend had to leave the rectory he had finally moved into; and, in his bad health, took an apartment, even as his name was removed from the official Catholic Directory of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, and he was "on his own" - even though Cardinal Keeler had used him right up to the (bitter) end! It saddens me, even sickens me to think of all this. (Father) Bauernfiend became gravely ill a few months ago - was found passed out in his apartment after a few days - and was in the hospital in a semi-coma, on a respirator.
I wanted to find out what the funeral arrangements were for this priest who had suffered so greatly and went to the Baltimore Sun and put in his name to find his obituary. What came up instead was "listing of priests accused of sexual abuse of children"...... O my God! O my God!
For whatever reason the Cardinal has removed his listing from the Archdiocesan website (I wonder if not for legal considerations). Not one other bishop has followed his example, which tore apart his relationship with the presbyterate of Baltimore and I think most Catholics in this area felt the listing and its attendant well orchestrated (by the Cardinal himself!) media frenzy was a poor decision, unnecessary and damaging in a way that could well have been avoided especially since other ways could have been employed to deal justly and charitably with victims and perpetrators.
Regardless, I know how devastating all this was to (Father) Thomas Bauernfiend. May God have mercy on him and give him peace. And all of us as well, including Cardinal Keeler.
Blessed Epiphany/Theophany to those celebrating today!
In many Catholic countries, I believe today is the great feast of Epiphany and an integral part of the entire Christmas unfolding. This feast is not transferred to the nearest Sunday as in the U.S. Enjoy!
In many Eastern Christian centers today is the great Feast of the Theophany, commemorating the baptism of the Lord in the Jordan. Today, too, there is the blessing of the waters, and the throwing of the cross into the sea and the contest among swimmers to recover that cross. Even in cold Russia, I believe! (Though Russia's celebration of Theophany is later since they follow the "old" calendar in Russia).
In the classic Latin Liturgy, the Epiphany commemorates three "manifestations" of the Lord: the coming of the magi, the baptism in the Jordan, the wedding feast of Cana. However, it is the Three Kings that is highlighted and caught popular imagination more.
At any rate, a blessed day to all!
Unto Us A Son Is Given
Given, not lent,
And not withdrawn - once sent,
This Infant of mankind, this One,
Is still the little welcome Son.
New every year,
New born and newly dear,
He comes with tidings and a song,
The ages long, the ages long;
Even as the cold
Keen winter grows not old,
As childhood is so fresh, foreseen,
And spring in the familiar green.
Sudden as sweet
Come the expected feet.
All joy is young, and new all art,
And he, too, whom we have by heart.
- Alice Meynell
Sunday, January 05, 2003
Today in Church history
January 6, 548: The Jerusalem church observes Christmas on this date for the last time as the Western church moves to celebrating the birth of Jesus on December 25.
January 6, 1412: (traditional date): Joan of Arc, the French peasant mystic Christian who became a national heroine and her country's patron saint, is born.
January 6, 1494: The first Roman Catholic mass in America is celebrated on Isabella Island, Haiti.
January 6, 1832: French artist Gustave Dore, known for his drawings and lithographs for the Bible, Dante's Inferno, and other works, is born in Strasbourg, France.
January 6, 1850: Charles Spurgeon, who would become one of the greatest preachers of all time, converts to Christianity after receiving a vision, "not a vision to my eyes, but to my heart. I saw what a Savior Christ was," he wrote. "I can never tell you how it was, but I no sooner saw Whom I was to believe than I also understood what it was to believe, and I did believe in one moment".
January 6, 1884: Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel, founder of the science of genetics, dies.
January 6, 1912: Sociologist and theologian Jacques Ellul is born in Bordeaux, France. Ellul became a Marxist at age 19, and a Christian at 22 and wrestled with issues involving technology and the Word of God.
If you haven't already done so, why not take a moment and sign my GuestMap? Its icon to click on is in the left hand column. It's easy and even fun!
Just place your cursor over "post", click, and follow your instincts from there on. (Don't be alarmed at the "cancel" that appears in place of "post". Just move your cursor onto the map and it will be now take on a new shape so you can point to your area and once there click to get the message area up to begin your own message).
If your own hometown area is already crowded, place your entry nearby but in a less crowded area. I'd love to know where our readers are living, and to see lots of countries represented. I do pray daily for "all who wrote in my GuestMap" and, of course, ask your prayers as well. Thank you!
O COME LET US ADORE HIM!
Deus, qui hodierna die Unigenitum tuum Gentibus, stella duce, revelasti: concede propitius, ut qui jam te ex fide cognovimus, usque ad contemplandam speciem tuæ celsitudinis perducamur. Per eumdem.
O God, who by the direction of a star didst this day manifest thy only Son to the Gentiles; mercifully grant that we, who now know thee by faith, may come at length to see the glory of thy Majesty. Through the same Jesus Christ Our Lord, your Son, who lives and reigns with you, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, for ever and ever. Amen.
Today in Church history
January 5, 459: Simeon Stylites, who lived at the top of a 60-foot pillar nonstop for 36 years, dies on it "dripping with vermin".
January 5, 1066: Edward the Confessor, the only English king ever canonized a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, dies. Builder of Westminster Abbey, he was buried there January 6.
January 5, 1527: Swiss Anabaptist reformer Felix Manz is drowned in punishment for preaching adult baptism, becoming the first Protestant martyred by other Protestants.
January 5, 1850: John Nepomucene Neumann, third Roman Catholic bishop of Philadelphia, collapses on a sidewalk while doing errands. "The Little Bishop" is canonized in 1977, the first and only American bishop to be recognized by the Church as a saint. John Neumann was the first to profess vows as a Redemptorist in the United States. His feastday is January 5.
January 5, 1964: Roman Catholic Pope Paul VI and Greek Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras meet in Jerusalem, the first meeting of the two offices since 1439, more than half a millennium before.